Mawaahib அல்-Jaleel அது கூறப்பட்டது: "திருமணச் அவர் திருமணம் விடும் அவளாகவே உணவளிக்க அல்லது அணிவித்தருளியுள்ள முடியாமல் தவிக்கிறார் ஒரு பெண் கட்டாயமானதாக இருக்கிறது." அல்-Sharh அல்-கபீர் இல், concerning obligatory marriage it says: “If a person fears that he may commit fornication, அது (திருமணம்) is obligatory on him.” In Fath al-Wahhaab, அது கூறுகிறது: “For the woman who has (physical) ஆசைகள், marriage is sunnah, just as it is for the one who needs maintenance and the one who fears being taken advantage of by immoral persons.”
In Mughni al-Muhtaaj, அது கூறுகிறது: "(திருமண) becomes waajib (கடமையான) if a person fears fornication… And it was said that it becomes obligatory if a person has made a vow (nadhr) to get married.” Then concerning the ruling with regard to women: “If she needs to get married, அதாவது, she has physical desires, or needs maintenance, or she is afraid that immoral people may take advantage of her… it is preferable (mustahabb) for her to get married, because this will protect her religion and her chastity, and she can enjoy what her husband spends on her, and other advantages.”
Ibn Qudaamah (ரஹ் இருக்கலாம்) said in his book al-Mughni: “Our colleagues differed as to whether marriage is obligatory. The best-known opinion in our madhhab is that it is not obligatory, except when a person is afraid of committing a forbidden deed if he does not marry. In that case he should make himself chaste (அதாவது. திருமணம் செய்து). This is the opinion of the majority of fuqahaa’.”
திருமணம் என்று வரும் போது, people are of three types, one of which is those who fear that they may commit forbidden deeds if they do not get married. It is obligatory for such people to get married, 'Fuqahaa பெரும்பாலான படி, because it is obligatory for them to make themselves chaste and protect themselves from haraam. In Subul al-Salaam it says: “Ibn Daqeeq al-‘Eed said that some of the fuqahaa’ said that marriage is obligatory for the one who fears sin or hardship (because of suppressing physical desires) and is able to marry… and it is obligatory for the one who cannot avoid fornication unless he gets married.”
In Badaa’i’ al-Sanaa’i’, அது கூறுகிறது: “There is no dispute that marriage is an obligation when desire is strong. If a person has such a strong desire for women that he cannot be patient, and he can afford to pay the mahr (வரதட்சினை) and support a wife, then if he does not get married, he is a sinner.”
From the above discussion, we can see a number of situations in which marriage is obligatory. You might ask: “How can we imagine a woman fulfilling this obligation when usually it is the man who goes around knocking on doors looking for a partner? This is not the woman’s role.” The answer is: what a woman can do to fulfil this command is not to refuse marriage when a suitable, compatible man comes with an offer of marriage.
Muslim women and men need to understand the high status which marriage has in Islam, so that they will be more keen to marry. There follows a useful summary on this topic by Imaam Ibn Qudaamah al-Maqdisi (ரஹ் இருக்கலாம்), from his book al-Mughni:
The basis of the legitimacy of marriage is the Qur’aan, Sunnah and ijmaa’ (consensus of the scholars). In the Qur’aan, அல்லாஹ் கூறுகிறார் (அர்த்தங்கள் விளக்கம்): ‘… marry women of your choice, two or three, or four…’ [அல்-நிசா ' 4:3] and ‘And marry those among you who are single and (also marry) the saalihoon (தயாள, fit and capable ones) உங்களுடைய (male) slaves and maid-servants (female slaves)…’ [al-Noor 24:32]. நபி (அல்லாஹ்வின் அமைதி மற்றும் ஆசீர்வாதம் மீது இருக்கலாம்) கூறினார்: "ஓ இளைஞர்கள்! Whoever among you can afford it, அவரை திருமணம் செய்து விட, for this will lower his gaze and protect his chastity. Whoever cannot (திருமணம் செய்து), then let him fast, for fasting will be a protection for him.” (ஒப்பு). There are many other ayaat and reports like these. The Muslims agree that marriage is legitimate.
Ibn Mas’ood said: “If I only had ten days left to live, and I knew that I would die at the end of them, and I was able to get married, I would do so, for fear of fitnah (சலனமும்)."
Ibn ‘Abbaas said to Sa’eed ibn Jubayr: “Get married, for the best of this ummah are those who have more wives.” Ibraaheem ibn Maysarah said: “Taawoos said to me: ‘Either you get married, or I will say to you what ‘Umar said to Abu’l-Zawaa’id: There is nothing stopping you from getting married but either impotence or immorality!’ According to al-Mirwadhi, Ahmad said: ‘Celibacy has nothing to do with Islam. Whoever calls you not to get married is calling you to something other than Islam.’”
பின்னர் அவர் கூறினார் (ரஹ் இருக்கலாம்):
The benefits of marriage are many. They include: protecting one’s religion and helping one to adhere to it; protecting and taking care of women; and producing offspring and increasing the ranks of the ummah, thus achieving the pride of the Prophet (அல்லாஹ்வின் அமைதி மற்றும் ஆசீர்வாதம் மீது இருக்கலாம்), போன்றவை. [Translator’s note: there is a hadeeth which indicates that the Prophet (அல்லாஹ்வின் அமைதி மற்றும் ஆசீர்வாதம் மீது இருக்கலாம்) will feel proud of the large numbers of his ummah in the Hereaster, so Muslims are encouraged to marry and have many children.]
It should now be clear that the benefits of marriage are many. No wise Muslim woman would hesitate to get married, especially if an offer of marriage comes from a person who is strongly committed to Islam and is possessed of a good character and morals.