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A person in this worldly life lives in a state of ongoing struggle against visible and unseen enemies, and though some enemies are unseen, they may be more destructive than the visible ones. எனவே, one should always be alert and cautious. A person’s own self is the most hostile enemy that urges him to attain every possible desire and obtain every pleasure, even if it violates the commands of Allaah and His Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.
When the slave of Allaah indulges in his desires and surrenders to it, this would lead to his destruction. எனினும், if he strives against his desires and makes his faith and piety take control over and hold back his desires, he would gain victory in one of the greatest battlefields of Jihaad. In this respect, அல்லாஹ்வின் தூதர், sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, கூறினார்: “Should I inform you of the [உண்மை] believer? It is he whom people trust over their wealth and lives, and the [உண்மை] Muslim is he who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands, and the Mujaahid [holy warrior] is he who strives against his self and his desires in order to obey Allaah, and the Muhaajir [emigrant] is the one who abandons all what Allaah has forbidden.” [As-Silsilah As-Saheehah by Al-Albaani: 549]
எனவே, striving against one’s self is one of the best types of Jihaad. Ibn Battaal, may Allaah have mercy upon him, கூறினார், Striving against one’s self is the most perfect type of Jihaad, as Allaah The Almighty Says (என்ன அர்த்தம்): “But as for he who feared the position of his Lord and prevented the soul from [unlawful] inclination.” [குர்ஆன் 79:40] This is achieved by preventing one’s self from committing acts of disobedience, avoiding doubtful matters and abandoning excessive enjoyment of lawful desires in order to enjoy them more in the Hereafter, as they would be abundant for him there.
Degrees of Striving Against One’s Self
Some of the prominent scholars have said that there are four degrees of striving against one’s self:
• Exercising self-resistance in order to learn the matters pertaining to religion.
• Exercising self- resistance in order to act according to what he has learnt.
• Exercising self- resistance in order to teach the ignorant what he has learned.
• Calling others to testify that none is worthy of worship but Allaah and fighting those who challenge His religion and deny His favors and bounties.
Ways of Self-Control and Self Purification
A Muslim needs assistance in order to protect himself against his desires and exercise self-control.
1- Perseverance: This is the most powerful weapon a Muslim can use to exercise self-control. A person who is determined to overcome his whims, desires and evil companions, will be able to control himself and gain his self-esteem, and thereby overcome and gain victory over them. மறுபுறம், a person who becomes vexed and impatient with exercising self-control will become defeated, captured and a slave to his evil-companion and desire. Ziyaad ibn Abi Ziyaad, a freed salve of Ibn ‘Ayyaash, may Allaah have mercy upon them both, would challenge himself in the mosque and say, “What do you want? Where do you want to go? Is there a place better than this mosque you want to go to? Look at what is in it. Do you want to look at the house of so and so instead?” He would also say to himself, “You have no food other than this bread and oil, and no other clothes than these two garments, and no other wife but this old woman. Would you prefer to die?” Then he would say: "இல்லை, I shall have patience over this lifestyle.”
மேலும், போது Maalik ibn Dinaar, may Allaah have mercy upon him, would wander in the market and when he saw something that he desired, he would say to himself, “Be patient. By Allaah, I only prevent you due to your honorable position in my sight.” These are examples of some righteous people who exercised self-control by having patience and perseverance.
2- Adopting a self-critical attitude: This is one of the means that would help a person in disciplining and controlling it. When a person realizes the true nature of himself, he would not incline or surrender to it; மாறாக, he would criticize it. How could a person have good expectations of a bitter enemy who awaits the opportunity to suddenly attack him? அல்லாஹ் தி எல்லாம் வல்ல கூறுகிறார் (என்ன அர்த்தம்):And I do not acquit myself. உண்மையில், the soul is a persistent enjoiner of evil, except those upon which my Lord has mercy. [குர்ஆன் 12:53]
When Abu Bakr appointed ‘Umar, அல்லாஹ் அவர்களைப் பற்றி மகிழ்ச்சியடையட்டும், as his successor, he advised him, என்று, “The first thing that I warn you against is yourself.”
3- Supplicating to Allaah The Almighty, resorting to Him and seeking help through prayers, zakat and fasting: These are also from the greatest causes that assist self-control. It was narrated on the authority of Rabee‘ah Al-Aslami, அல்லாஹ் அவருடன் மகிழ்ச்சி இருக்கலாம், that he said, “I would spend the night with the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. I would bring him water for his ablution and other things he needed. He once said to me: ‘Ask of me.’ I said, ‘I ask for your company in Paradise.’ He said: ‘Is this the only thing you ask for?' நான் சொன்னேன், ‘It is only this.’ He said: ‘Help me in this by yourself, by making prostration abundantly.’”
Exercising self-control is one of the greatest ways that bring about goodness. When Allaah helps His slave succeed in such a matter, he will gain victory and such a benefit that he would never experience any loss afterwards. எனினும், if he fails and is defeated, his loss would be great.
நான்t was narrated in a Hadeeth that the Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, கூறினார்:
Satan puts obstacles in every way the son of ’Aadam takes to obey Allaah: அவர் இஸ்லாத்தை ஏற்றுக்கொள்வதற்கான வழியில் தடைகளை வைத்து கூறினார், ‘நீங்கள் இஸ்லாத்தை ஏற்றுக்கொண்டு உங்கள் மதத்தை கைவிடுவீர்களா?, உங்கள் தந்தை மற்றும் தாத்தாவின் மதம்?’இன்னும், அவர் அவருக்குக் கீழ்ப்படியாமல் இஸ்லாத்தை ஏற்றுக்கொண்டார். பின்னர், அவர் ஹிஜ்ரா செய்ய தனது வழியில் தடைகளை வைத்து கூறினார், ‘நீங்கள் குடியேறி உங்கள் நிலத்தையும் வானத்தையும் கைவிடுவீர்களா?. குடியேறியவர் குதிரை போன்றது?’இன்னும், அவர் அவருக்குக் கீழ்ப்படியாமல் குடியேறினார். பின்னர், அவர் ஜிஹாத் நிகழ்த்துவதற்கான வழியில் தடைகளை வைத்து கூறினார், ‘நீங்கள் ஜிஹாத் செய்து உங்கள் வாழ்க்கையையும் செல்வத்தையும் தியாகம் செய்வீர்களா?, நீங்கள் கொல்லப்படுவீர்கள், உங்கள் மனைவி வேறொரு ஆணுடன் திருமணம் செய்துகொள்வார், உங்கள் செல்வம் பிரிக்கப்படும் [உங்கள் வாரிசுகள் மத்தியில்].’இன்னும், அவர் அவருக்குக் கீழ்ப்படியாமல் ஜிஹாத் நிகழ்த்தினார். ”
நபி, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, சேர்க்கப்பட்டது: “அவ்வாறு செய்கிற எவரையும் சொர்க்கத்திற்குள் நுழையச் செய்வது அல்லாஹ் தன்னைத்தானே உரிமையாக்கிக் கொண்டான். If he drowns or is cast off his mount [while performing Jihaad], Allaah would admit him to Paradise.”
அல்லாஹ் (சுபு) குர்ஆனில் கூறுகிறது:
And they were not commanded except to worship God, dedicating their faith to Him as men of pure faith, and to maintain the prayer, and pay the zakat. That is the upright religion. (98:5)
Zakat is derived from the same root as tazkiyah (purification) அதாவது. za-ka-wa which means growth and purity. This is why God says to the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.):
Take charity from their possessions to cleanse them and purify them thereby, and bless them. Indeed your blessing is a comfort to them, and God is all-hearing, all-knowing. (9:103)
The beloved Prophet Muhammad said “There is in the body a clump of flesh – if it becomes good, the whole body becomes good and if it becomes bad, the whole body becomes bad. And indeed it is the heart.”
From this we can deduce that having a pure heart is another way to purification, this can be obtained through having good intentions though out your life in regards to worship, and that all our worship and other actions are solely to please Allaah.
Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab: அல்லாஹ் தூதரே, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intention and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for Allah and His Apostle, then his emigration was for Allah and His Apostle. And whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.” [புகாரி]
It is a basic fact that we must have self-control. There can be no spirituality without self-discipline. We cannot develop ourselves by simply doing what we wish and satisfying and gratifying our soul. நிச்சயமாக, Islam tells us that self-control is just a beginning. What we need to do is to transform our soul from one which has an interest in lower desires into a soul which instead has a yearning for good things. By training and purifying our souls, our soul itself becomes a helper and an assistant to us. A major task of the Prophets and in particular the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) was to help people to purify themselves. The reason for such a great emphasis on self-purification is the fact that God is the Most Pure and the Most Perfect and it is only by purification of the soul that we can achieve our ambition of getting close to Him. One major way of purification is to get rid of attachment to the materialistic life by giving out one’s own money for the sake of God.
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